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BIBLE QUESTIONS (?)
BIBLE QUESTIONS (?)
|Posted on March 22, 2011 at 3:47 AM||comments ()|
Why Does the Date Change?
Why does the date of Easter vary from year to year?
The answer to this has to do with history and tradition. If you recall, Jesus and his disciples were Jewish and, as Jews, celebrated the Jewish holidays, among them the Feast of the Passover which commemorates the flight or Exodus of the Jews from Egypt. The Last Supper, which Jesus celebrated with his Disciples on what we now call Holy Thursday was the Passover meal that Jews celebrate at the start of Passover. According to the New Testament, Jesus was arrested that evening following the Passover meal, and was crucified on the next day which was Friday. He then rose the following Sunday. So we have the Last Supper on Thursday, the crucifixion on Friday and the resurrection on Sunday.
Calendars and Tradition
By the second century, the early Church had grown and expanded, with Christians in the West (Rome and Europe) celebrating Easter on Sunday, the day of the Resurrection, while those in the East (the Holy Land and Asia Minor) celebrating on the date of the start of Passover, which was the date on which Jesus had celebrated the Passover with his Disciples with the Last Supper and where he had instituted the Eucharist. There seems to have been a division along the lines of Jewish vs Gentile in this dispute.
The Christian Church began as a sect within the Jewish religion. However, the Apostles Peter and, especially, Paul directed their ministries toward the Gentiles while the Apostles John and Philip directed theirs more toward the Jews. The division over what day/date to observe Easter and whether the focus was to be on the institution of the Eucharist which coincided with the Jewish Passover meal or the Resurrection which occurred on Sunday was split along the lines of Jew and Gentile with each side claiming authority from either Peter and Paul (Gentile) or John and Philip (Jewish).
The Passover is celebrated on a specific date which is the fourteenth day of the Jewish month of Nisan. Since Christians used the Roman custom of measuring days from midnight to midnight, the date is the 14th, but for Jews, who measure a day from sunset to sunset, the Passover, which begins after sundown, the date is the 15th day of the month of Nisan. The controversy continued to smolder and to be debated at various church councils, but in time the champions of the Sunday celebration gained the upper hand and Sunday gradually became the day on which Easter was celebrated.
Even though Sunday became the accepted day for the celebration of Easter a problem still remained and that was the date itself. Again, the New Testament is very clear that the Crucifixion occurred during Passover and the date of Passover is the 14th/15th day of the Jewish month of Nisan. However, the Jewish calendar is a lunar/solar calendar and dates vary somewhat based upon the moon. So, the next task was to get the Churches throughout the world to celebrate Easter on the same Sunday each year.
At the Council of Nicaea, called by the Emperor Constantine in 325, it was formally decreed that all Churches would celebrate Easter on the same Sunday and that the Sunday would be the Sunday that followed the fourteenth day of the Pascal Moon. The Pascal Moon was decreed to be the new moon whose fourteenth day followed the Vernal or Spring Equinox. The necessary calculations for determining the Pascal Moon for each year was left up to the Church of Alexandria as Alexandria, Egypt was home to the best astronomers in the Roman Empire at that time.
Despite the Council's decree that all churches celebrate Easter on the same Sunday a new divergence occurred following the revision of the calendar in 1582 during the reign of Pope Gregory XIII. The new calendar, known as the Gregorian Calendar, was a revision to the Julian Calendar which had been created during the reign of the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar and was by then out of sync with the seasons. The Gregorian Calendar has been adopted by most nations of the world as their civil calendar. However, many Orthodox Churches continue to use the Julian Calendar as their ecclesiastical calendar which causes the dates of major Christian feast days, such as Christmas, Easter, Ash Wednesday, etc. to differ between the Eastern and Western branches of Christianity.
While both branches of the Christian Church adhere to the same set of rules laid down at the Council of Nicaea, the application the rules to two different calendars continues to cause the dates to differ resulting in two different Sundays each year being celebrated as Easter Sunday.
Hope this helps Roger, thanks for the question....
Pastor Larry, Ephesians 3:16
|Posted on December 6, 2010 at 3:09 AM||comments ()|
The Christmas Season always has a special meaning for me. This December 22nd will be 42 years since I was introduced to the Lord Jesus Christ.
It was that particular day in 1968 having just spent time walking through a Mall in Pomona California observing happy family's shopping, a church group singing songs of Jesus had me wondering why they had taken time out of their lives to sing to strangers.
As I hitch-hiked to my apartment I recall simply glancing up to the night sky and saying "God I know you are up there but I have no idea how to contact you. Much to my surprise God heard me and answered in a way I never expected, in fact I didn't really expect an answer.
The man who pulled over and offered me a ride had a profound question. He asked, "Larry if you died today do you know for sure you would go to heaven?"
Mature beyond 17 years of age from years of physical beatings and mental abuse as a child. the question penetrated my heart. If there was a heaven, I wanted to go there. Was there a place where anger, abuse and evil didn't exit? If there was I wanted to know how to get thereThe man asking the question had been a Christian only a short time and though he wanted to explain it all and tried however I had more questions than he had answers.
Desperate to help me understand he asked if I would be willing to meet a friend of his that could explain it better, his pastor. The pastor opened his bible and shared with me the great love and great SacrIfice Jesus provided for the world I finally understood real love!
That evening I gladly received Jesus into my life and fully surrendered to Him.Yes there was something Miraculous in the air, 'THE HOLY SPIRIT" of God!
If there is someone you have been wanting to talk to about Jesus this is definitely a great time of year to speak up. Miracles Really Do Happen!
If you would like to know more about receiving forgiveness of your sins by inviting Jesus into your life click on the following link.....God's Gift To Man
|Posted on November 11, 2010 at 11:56 AM||comments ()|
I look forward to helping you with your Bible Questions.
|Posted on November 6, 2010 at 11:27 PM||comments ()|
America has changed tremendously in the last 10 years. Since 911 the world has become a very dangerous place. And though America has invested the blood of her finest men and women on the battlefields. our countries resolve to protect our interests abroad as well as the people oppressed by evil governments has caused us to neglect a greater danger at home.
When the Whitehouse decided to take over the housing industry, auto industry, and banking industry our economy took the worst hit since the great depression. Hundreds of thousands of homes in forclosure, one out of ten working people are unemployed.
I personallly believe this "Economic Armageddon" as described in David Jeremiahs latest book is an indication of the coming last day's described by the Old testament Prophets, Jesus himself and John the Apostle in A.D. 94.
America has lost her way, she has forgotten the God who made her great and more powerful than any nation on earth. God will only bless the nation that acknowledges Him as LORD. Ps 33:12 ¶ Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for His own inheritance.
America is greatly needed in these Prophetic days. God's Power guiding us is the only hope for our country. While I am thankful for the events of the last election as the grassroots Tea Party Movement forced a reckoning of Congress for foolishy wasting America's standing in the world and perhaps even bankrupting us, that alone will not save America. God gives us the only answer or hope in the follow scripture!
2nd Chronicles 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name,
As we review the points above may God burden our hearts to follow His clear instructions.
GOD Bless America!
All my love in Christ Jesus our Lord,
Eph. 3:16 That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man;